A variety of tasks in an increasing level of difficulty enable the trainee to acquire the skills necessary for performing percutaneous renal access procedures under real-time fluoroscopy.
In a stress-free environment, using an authentic needle, the trainee gains essential skills such as processing 2D fluoroscopic radiographic images into 3D “mind’s eye” visualization of anatomies, C-arm manipulation for obtaining ideal access and visualization of renal access in multiple planes.

Basic Tasks
Basic Tasks